Decrypting drives using the command line

Encrypted USB drives are fairly easy to use on most linux desktops. Whatever automount supplier you’re running with will pop up a dialogue window asking for the password to decrypt. But what if you want to use the terminal?

The use case for this is my server/HTPC which has a backup drive permanently attached to it. In order to have some offline backup as well, I want to plug in an encrypted USB pen drive and sync the contents of the backup drive to it. Having physical access but not a very good means of interacting with the desktop (I have bluetooth keyboard in a drawer but at hand the only thing is a controller…) is somewhat unusual so it took me some time to figure this out.

(more…)

Everything in it’s Right Place 5: Toggles or Now you see it, now you don’t

This is the fifth and final post in a series on achieving an orderly desktop environment in GNOME 3, using no add-ons, only old school hacks. See also the first, second, third, and fourth post in the series.

So far we’ve covered static workspaces, windows spawning on designated workspaces and starting and moving between the windows on your workspaces. As I said in the introduction I think there are certain applications that do not require your undivided attention. These applications we simply want to appear briefly on top of other windows – what is the name of that song playing, is so-and-so online yet, etc. – and then dispense with. We wish to assign a single keyboard shortcut for toggling this window on and off so as to make this procedure as quick and easy as possible.

(more…)

Alphanumericalize: Filename munging music file names in ABCDE

Ripping CD feels a lot more 2005 than 2015. And it was probably already starting to feel old back then. However, I never got round to do a systematic, lossless rip of my entire CD collection. So before it’s too late I have bought a DVD-RW drive that will never get to write a single disc and armed myself with a 1Tb USB drive to hold all the data.

My weapon of choice is ABCDE, A Better CD Encoder, a Bash based CLI tool for ripping that has been in continuous development since before 2002 (!). ABCDE has many advantages over GUI CD rippers, the most obvious being that you don’t need to fiddle with the mouse, you just hit enter. This is important if you’ve got a case of hundreds of CDs to get through.

Another advantage is that the settings file allows you to string a piped line of stream editors together when forming the file name. What this means is that once you have determined how the file names should be formed, e.g. “Artist/Album/Track no. – Track title”, you can further manipulate it e.g. by making it entirely lower-/uppercase, removing slashes and other control characters etc. The genius of ABCDE is that rather than implement these features itself, it simply allows you to use tested and true unix utilities, like sed and tr and whatever else you care to throw at it to accomplish this.

Here I’m going to detail generally how this ‘filename munging’ works and specifically I’m going to show how to get file names that are universally OS-, URL- and command line friendly by only using numerical digits, the letters a-z, underscores (_) and hyphens (-).

(more…)